The Mies Van der Rohe Barcelona Pavilion was designed by Ludwig Mies van der rohe of course, it was the German Pavilion for the International Exposition in Barcelona in 1929. It is an important building in the history of modern architecture due to its use of extravagant materials such as marble, travertine and red onyx. The building its known by its simple form and the material used as mentioned, they also designed all the furniture on the inside following the same principals of minimalism and spectacular, among the furniture we need to mention the iconic Barcelona chair.
Mies accepted the job to built the German Pavilion in Barcelona along with other buildings of the German section in the 1929 International Exhibition. The objective of Mies for this building was to become an ideal zone of tranquility for the visitor, the pavillion was the entrance so any visitor had to go through it to visit the German section. Visitors would enter going up the stairs and would leave the ground level into the Poble Espanyol direction. The Pavillion was not built to led visitors in a straight line through the building but to take turnabout to discover it. this is possible because of the walls that create space and direct the visitor's movements.
The Pavilion was intended to exist only temporarily and it was torn down in early 1930, soon after the exhibition ended. A group of Spanish architects thorugh decided to reconstruct the pavilion permanently between 1983 and 1986 through the existing black-and-white photos and original plans.
Since the building was reconstructed the Mies van der Rohe foundation invited artists and achitects to the Pavilion to intervene with their installations and alterations and it became a place of debate on architectural ideas and practices.
We could find as invited artists names such as Kazuyo Sejima, Ryue Nishizawa, Al Weiwei etc...